Phindile Xaba and Thapelo Mokoatsi
[intro]Our Pioneer this month is Mansukhlal Hiralal Nazar, the founder of the newspaper Indian Opinion which was launched more than 100 years ago. In his short life, he made a huge mark in politics and journalism[/intro]
“On 4 June 1903 a very tired but fired up young man worked till 3am in the morning in the central business district of Durban. He then walked to his home in Sydenham as the last tramcar had long departed. On 5 June again he worked till 11pm – there was an urgency with which he worked. His goal was to get a new newspaper before the public. The first issue of Indian Opinion was dated 4 June but it was only on 6 June that it could be released. The young man was relieved but he could not relax. He had the next issue to think about and it was due in five days’ time.
“He wrote `I am now anxious about the second number. With a small staff, and lack of materials – types, etc., and facilities, we have to keep the paper up to the mark!’
This man was MH Nazar, a secretary of the Natal Indian Congress,” said Uma Dhupelia-Mesthrie, a professor of History at the University of Western Cape addressing the Conference on the Alternate Media to Commemorate the Centenary of the Founding of Indian Opinion, on 4 June 2003, Durban.
MH Nazar, was born Mansukhlal Hiralal Nazar. He arrived in South Africa from England in 1896 and unfortunately died of a heart related disease 10 years later, at the relatively young age of 44. Nazar, was described as one of the foremost Indian intellectuals and political leaders. His sudden death had a searing impact on his very close associate Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, who would later be known as Mahatma Gandhi, with whom he had started Indian Opinion. Ghandi had landed in South Africa in 1893, and was a 23 year old Johannesburg based lawyer at the time.
The two had been approached by Shri Madanjit Vyavaharik, the foremost Indian printing press owner, who had conducted the press for years in the midst of difficulties, but had thought that the time was ripe to bring out a newspaper. The paper was born on 4 June, 1904, and MH Nazar volunteered to act as an unpaid editor. This launch issue was run at a loss with Gandhi bankrolling it. Gandhi recalled in his autobiography – My Experiments with Truth, “I had no notion that I should have to invest any money in this journal, but I soon discovered that it could not go on without my financial help … So I kept on pouring out my money, until ultimately I was practically sinking all my savings in it. I remember a time when I had to remit £75 each month.”
The journal was a weekly that reached 20 000 readers and was in the beginning issued in Gujarati, Hindi, Tamil and English, and later on the Tamil and Hindi sections were dropped.
Gandhi who was the Satyagraha – passive political resistance against British rule in India – leader says:
“Satyagraha would probably have been impossible without Indian Opinion.”
Nazar and Gandhi’s political vision was present in the Indian Opinion as they used it as an intellectual forum for modernising the Indian cultural imagination.
Together they used the newspaper as an instrument for mobilising Indian political activities in opposition to discriminatory racial laws as well as a unifying ideological centre for protesting against anti Indian immigration laws. A measure of Nazar’s intellectual seriousness is indicated by the lucidity and the forthrightness of the editorials he wrote from the founding of the newspaper in June 1903 to his death.
These editorials are impressively of high moral seriousness. It was this unrelenting and uncompromising engagement with the complexity of modernity that most impressed his associate, Gandhi, who was completely distraught when Nazar died.
The end of an Era
Gandhi wrote of Nazar in an obituary dated 6 June 1906:
“Without him this journal [Indian Opinion ] would never have come into being. In the initial stages of its struggle, Mr Nazar took up almost the whole of the editorial burden, and if it is known for its moderate policy and sound views, the fact is due, to a very large extent, to the part that Mr Nazar played in connection with it.”
He further wrote that:
“Mr Nazar’s death leaves a gap in the Indian community which will be difficult to fill. From 1896 up to the day of his death he was actively identified with almost every movement of the Indian community, more especially in Natal. His ripe judgment, his wide experience and statesmanlike ability were ever at the disposal of the Indian community. He filled the role of interpreter between the two communities with ability, tact and wisdom. Mr Nazar possessed a very keen sense of humour and he often saved a bad situation by means of that useful quality. Having travelled very largely in the West, and having lived in England for a long time, he had an intimate knowledge of Western civilisation, Western institutions and Western character. This knowledge, coupled with proficiency in the English language, always stood him in good stead in the course of his public work.”
A young Englishman who had had an opportunity to interaction with him was in awe of Nazar’s kindness. In a tribute appearing in the Indian Opinion, on 6 June 1906, as Gandhi’s obituary notice and editorial piece, Albert H. West wrote:
“Of his scholarly attainments, keen judgment, and political knowledge, I leave others to speak. It is to his kindness of heart and great consideration for the poor and unprotected that I wish to pay my tribute. Whilst keeping in view the grievances of merchants and traders, his sympathy went out more towards those poor unfortunate people – the indentured and labouring class – who always found in him a willing listener and kind adviser.”
You’ve been great to me. Thank you!
I just finished reading your blog and I have to say, it was an outright pleasure. Your writing practice is engaging and illustrative, making me feel like I was right there with you on your adventures. The picture you included were also remarkable and really added to the overall experience. good-luck
When I originally commented I clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and now each time a comment is added I get four emails with the same comment. Is there any way you can remove me from that service? Thanks!
Very nice post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wished to say that I’ve truly enjoyed surfing around your blog posts. In any case I will be subscribing to your rss feed and I hope you write again very soon!
Hello, there. I know this is off-topic, but I was wondering which blog platform are you using for this site? I’m getting fed up of WordPress because I’ve had problems with hackers and I’m looking at options for another platform. I would be fantastic if you could point me in the direction of a good platform.
Wow, superb blog layout! How long have you been blogging for? you make blogging look easy. The overall look of your website is wonderful, let alone the content!
obviously like your web-site but you need to take a look at the spelling on quite a few of your posts. Many of them are rife with spelling issues and I in finding it very bothersome to inform the reality however I’ll definitely come back again.
I’ve read a few good stuff here. Definitely worth bookmarking for revisiting. I surprise how much attempt you set to create this sort of great informative website.
I do love the manner in which you have presented this specific situation plus it does give us some fodder for thought. On the other hand, from everything that I have experienced, I just simply trust as the remarks stack on that people continue to be on point and don’t get started upon a tirade associated with the news du jour. Yet, thank you for this fantastic piece and whilst I can not go along with the idea in totality, I value the standpoint.
Good site! I truly love how it is simple on my eyes and the data are well written. I’m wondering how I could be notified when a new post has been made. I’ve subscribed to your feed which must do the trick! Have a nice day!
Some truly prime blog posts on this website , saved to fav.
Wow, incredible weblog structure! How lengthy have you ever been blogging for? you made blogging look easy. The entire glance of your web site is wonderful, let alone the content material!
Get-X – онлайн игра с реальным выводом средств официальный сайт
It¦s actually a cool and helpful piece of info. I am happy that you shared this useful info with us. Please keep us informed like this. Thank you for sharing.
You made some good points there. I did a search on the theme and found the majority of people will go along with with your blog.
This really answered my problem, thank you!
Someone essentially help to make seriously posts I would state. This is the first time I frequented your web page and thus far? I surprised with the research you made to make this particular publish extraordinary. Excellent job!
Some really nice and utilitarian information on this site, too I conceive the style has got good features.
This blog is definitely rather handy since I’m at the moment creating an internet floral website – although I am only starting out therefore it’s really fairly small, nothing like this site. Can link to a few of the posts here as they are quite. Thanks much. Zoey Olsen
Hey! This post could not be written any better! Reading through this post reminds me of my previous room mate! He always kept talking about this. I will forward this post to him. Pretty sure he will have a good read. Many thanks for sharing!
This web site is my breathing in, very good design and style and perfect content.
There are actually quite a lot of particulars like that to take into consideration. That is a nice point to convey up. I provide the ideas above as common inspiration however clearly there are questions just like the one you bring up the place an important thing will be working in honest good faith. I don?t know if greatest practices have emerged around issues like that, but I’m certain that your job is clearly identified as a good game. Both girls and boys really feel the impact of just a second’s pleasure, for the rest of their lives.
Thank you for sharing your expertise! I’ve found that combining your strategies with the influencer outreach techniques from salesboosterapp.com has helped me to reach a wider audience.
Do you have a spam problem on this blog; I also am a blogger, and I was wondering your situation; many of us have created some nice procedures and we are looking to exchange strategies with other folks, please shoot me an email if interested.
There is noticeably a bundle to know about this. I assume you made certain nice points in features also.
I went over this internet site and I believe you have a lot of fantastic information, bookmarked (:.
Great site! I am loving it!! Will come back again. I am bookmarking your feeds also.
I have been absent for a while, but now I remember why I used to love this blog. Thanks, I?¦ll try and check back more often. How frequently you update your site?
Way cool, some valid points! I appreciate you making this article available, the rest of the site is also high quality. Have a fun.
Thankyou for this wonderful post, I am glad I found this website on yahoo.
Dear thejournalist.org.za admin, Your posts are always well-supported by facts and figures.
I haven’t checked in here for some time since I thought it was getting boring, but the last few posts are great quality so I guess I’ll add you back to my everyday bloglist. You deserve it my friend 🙂
Cool blog! Is your theme custom made or did you download it from somewhere? A theme like yours with a few simple tweeks would really make my blog shine. Please let me know where you got your theme. Thank you
I am curious to find out what blog system you happen to be working with? I’m having some minor security problems with my latest site and I’d like to find something more safeguarded. Do you have any suggestions?
Some genuinely good info , Gladiolus I found this.
Wow! This could be one particular of the most beneficial blogs We’ve ever arrive across on this subject. Actually Great. I am also an expert in this topic so I can understand your hard work.
I do believe all of the concepts you have introduced for your post. They are very convincing and will definitely work. Still, the posts are very short for beginners. May you please lengthen them a bit from next time? Thank you for the post.
Some really interesting information, well written and broadly speaking user genial.
whoah this weblog is magnificent i love studying your articles. Stay up the good work! You know, a lot of individuals are hunting around for this info, you could help them greatly.
It is really a great and useful piece of info. I am glad that you shared this useful information with us. Please keep us up to date like this. Thanks for sharing.
Thank you for sharing excellent informations. Your site is so cool. I am impressed by the details that you have on this website. It reveals how nicely you understand this subject. Bookmarked this website page, will come back for more articles. You, my pal, ROCK! I found just the info I already searched everywhere and simply could not come across. What an ideal site.
As I website owner I think the subject material here is really fantastic, regards for your efforts.
Your article was both well-researched. I gained a lot of knowledge about the topic, and I appreciated how you presented a fair and impartial view. Your way of writing is succinct and to-the-point, and you made the article accessible.
I’m truly enjoying the design and layout of your website. It’s a very easy on the eyes which makes it much more enjoyable for me to come here and visit more often. Did you hire out a developer to create your theme? Exceptional work!
My partner and I stumbled over here by a different web address and thought I might as well check things out. I like what I see so now i am following you. Look forward to exploring your web page for a second time.
I genuinely value your piece of work, Great post.
I truly enjoy studying on this web site, it has fantastic articles. “The great secret of power is never to will to do more than you can accomplish.” by Henrik Ibsen.
whoah this blog is wonderful i really like studying your posts. Keep up the great work! You realize, many people are looking round for this information, you could help them greatly.
You actually make it seem so easy with your presentation but I find this matter to be actually something which I think I would never understand. It seems too complicated and very broad for me. I’m looking forward for your next post, I will try to get the hang of it!
Hmm is anyone else experiencing problems with the images on this blog loading? I’m trying to find out if its a problem on my end or if it’s the blog. Any feedback would be greatly appreciated.
I am really enjoying the theme/design of your website. Do you ever run into any web browser compatibility issues? A small number of my blog audience have complained about my website not operating correctly in Explorer but looks great in Chrome. Do you have any recommendations to help fix this problem?
Hmm it seems like your blog ate my first comment (it was extremely long) so I guess I’ll just sum it up what I submitted and say, I’m thoroughly enjoying your blog. I too am an aspiring blog writer but I’m still new to everything. Do you have any recommendations for beginner blog writers? I’d really appreciate it.
I?¦ve been exploring for a bit for any high-quality articles or blog posts in this sort of house . Exploring in Yahoo I at last stumbled upon this web site. Studying this information So i?¦m happy to exhibit that I’ve a very excellent uncanny feeling I discovered just what I needed. I so much no doubt will make sure to don?¦t fail to remember this website and give it a look regularly.
Its like you read my mind! You seem to know so much approximately this, like you wrote the ebook in it or something. I believe that you could do with some p.c. to drive the message house a little bit, however other than that, that is great blog. A fantastic read. I’ll definitely be back.
What i don’t realize is actually how you are not actually much more well-preferred than you may be now. You are very intelligent. You understand thus significantly when it comes to this subject, produced me for my part imagine it from numerous varied angles. Its like men and women don’t seem to be involved until it is something to do with Girl gaga! Your personal stuffs outstanding. All the time handle it up!
Aw, this was a very nice post. In idea I want to put in writing like this moreover – taking time and actual effort to make a very good article… but what can I say… I procrastinate alot and on no account seem to get something done.
There’s noticeably a bundle to find out about this. I assume you made certain good factors in options also.
I feel this is among the so much vital info for me. And i’m glad reading your article. But should remark on some normal things, The site taste is wonderful, the articles is actually excellent : D. Excellent task, cheers
I was looking through some of your posts on this website and I believe this website is real instructive! Retain putting up.
I have recently started a blog, the information you offer on this website has helped me greatly. Thanks for all of your time & work.
I’ll immediately clutch your rss as I can’t to find your email subscription hyperlink or e-newsletter service. Do you have any? Kindly let me realize so that I may subscribe. Thanks.
I conceive you have mentioned some very interesting points, appreciate it for the post.
What i do not realize is in fact how you are no longer actually much more smartly-appreciated than you may be now. You are very intelligent. You recognize thus considerably with regards to this subject, produced me in my opinion believe it from a lot of various angles. Its like men and women aren’t interested until it is one thing to accomplish with Girl gaga! Your personal stuffs great. Always maintain it up!
I’ve been browsing online greater than three hours nowadays, but I by no means found any attention-grabbing article like yours. It¦s pretty worth sufficient for me. In my opinion, if all website owners and bloggers made excellent content as you did, the web might be a lot more helpful than ever before.
It’s really a cool and helpful piece of information. I am glad that you shared this helpful info with us. Please keep us up to date like this. Thanks for sharing.
I’m really loving the theme/design of your website. Do you ever run into any internet browser compatibility issues? A couple of my blog audience have complained about my blog not working correctly in Explorer but looks great in Safari. Do you have any suggestions to help fix this problem?
Regards for this post, I am a big fan of this web site would like to continue updated.
Way cool, some valid points! I appreciate you making this article available, the rest of the site is also high quality. Have a fun.
What i do not understood is if truth be told how you’re no longer really a lot more well-favored than you may be now. You’re so intelligent. You recognize thus considerably on the subject of this matter, produced me for my part consider it from a lot of various angles. Its like women and men don’t seem to be involved unless it is one thing to do with Woman gaga! Your individual stuffs great. All the time take care of it up!
I like this web site because so much utile material on here : D.
I’ve been absent for some time, but now I remember why I used to love this web site. Thank you, I?¦ll try and check back more often. How frequently you update your site?
I truly appreciate this post. I’ve been looking everywhere for this! Thank goodness I found it on Bing. You’ve made my day! Thx again!
You made some decent points there. I did a search on the subject matter and found most individuals will consent with your website.
hi!,I love your writing so much! proportion we be in contact extra approximately your article on AOL? I need an expert in this house to resolve my problem. Maybe that’s you! Taking a look forward to peer you.
Hello my loved one! I want to say that this post is awesome, great written and come with approximately all significant infos. I¦d like to see extra posts like this .
Very interesting subject, thank you for putting up.
Wow that was odd. I just wrote an very long comment but after I clicked submit my comment didn’t show up. Grrrr… well I’m not writing all that over again. Anyhow, just wanted to say wonderful blog!
Wow, superb blog format! How long have you been blogging for? you make blogging glance easy. The whole glance of your website is great, as smartly as the content material!
Good write-up, I am normal visitor of one’s site, maintain up the excellent operate, and It is going to be a regular visitor for a lengthy time.
It’s hard to find knowledgeable people on this topic, but you sound like you know what you’re talking about! Thanks
Heya i am for the first time here. I found this board and I find It really useful & it helped me out much. I hope to give something back and aid others like you aided me.
Great – I should certainly pronounce, impressed with your web site. I had no trouble navigating through all the tabs and related information ended up being truly simple to do to access. I recently found what I hoped for before you know it at all. Reasonably unusual. Is likely to appreciate it for those who add forums or anything, web site theme . a tones way for your client to communicate. Nice task..
I like this web blog its a master peace ! Glad I observed this on google .
Wohh exactly what I was looking for, thankyou for putting up.
It’s laborious to seek out knowledgeable individuals on this topic, however you sound like you understand what you’re talking about! Thanks
I just could not leave your web site before suggesting that I actually loved the standard information an individual supply in your guests? Is going to be back regularly to investigate cross-check new posts.
Glad to be one of the visitants on this awful site : D.
I got what you mean ,saved to my bookmarks, very decent website .
Good info. Lucky me I reach on your website by accident, I bookmarked it.
Enjoyed studying this, very good stuff, appreciate it.
This really answered my downside, thank you!
Hello there, I found your website via Google while looking for a related topic, your web site came up, it looks great. I have bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.
Very interesting info !Perfect just what I was searching for!
Super-Duper website! I am loving it!! Will come back again. I am taking your feeds also.
Black Car Service In Dallas Fort Worth is a professional chauffeur service that provides luxury transportation for business or pleasure. Black car services are typically more expensive than traditional taxi or limousine services, but offer a higher level of service and comfort.
Wow, incredible blog structure! How lengthy have you ever been running a blog for? you make running a blog look easy. The entire glance of your web site is magnificent, let alone the content!
The bulletin board’s localized approach makes it easier to find items or services specific to my area.
you’re really a good webmaster. The site loading speed is amazing. It seems that you are doing any unique trick. Furthermore, The contents are masterpiece. you’ve done a magnificent job on this topic!