[intro]The broad sweep of the unfolding South African story has many violent turning points. It is only with pain that we learn and move forward. Of all of these moments in history June 16th 1976 has a special place in the hearts of those who were there. But as the years roll by and new challenges face our fragile democracy, what does the turmoil on that winter day in Soweto signal to the new generation? The Journalist mentors a group of young writers called the Free State Circle. This is their response to our question.[/intro]
In South Africa June is youth month. It is a time to remember. But when we look at our historic selves, we often don’t see things too clearly.
Ace Moloi, a graduate from the University of the Free State (UFS), takes the rose tint out of our gaze, forcing us to be more honest. He writes:
“Surely they were not perfect. They had their own fears, insecurities and demons to confront. Some of them could have been delinquents. In their generation there could have been teenage mothers and fathers just as there possibly were the motherless and fatherless. Not all of them went on to further their studies. Today some of them are behind some of our socio-economic ills. They were after all a generation of humans.
“However, they managed to define what they stood for beyond their personal imperfections and preferences. Fear of death, the sting of hunger, episodes of deprivation and the vanity of youth could not cripple their willingness to be heard. I admire them for their collective heroism and clarity of purpose. As we all wake up every day to the brutality of drug abuse, teenage pregnancy, unemployment, absent fathers and economic exclusions, may we unite with the same clarity of purpose and declare that our collective will is stronger than our ills.”
Moloi, a budding young writer, is currently working at the Johannesburg Roads Agency (SOC) Ltd as Trainee: Marketing and Communications.
Fighting for the Same Things
Another disarmingly honest reflection comes from Palesa Morei, a third year BA Media and Journalism student at the UFS where she is the editor of the campus newspaper, IRAWA Post. She says:
“I’m struggling to write because I don’t know what it is anymore. Yes we remember the youth that made a difference back then. However, this year it seemed like what the Youth of 1976 didn’t do anything as we keep fighting for the same things. But now I think the youth is constantly fighting to break boundaries.”
Lerato Molisana, a B Sc Mathematical Statistics student at the UFS who has been active in student media since 2012, when she joined the campus newspaper IRAWA Post as a journalist, has this to say:
“What the youth of 1976 did validates my audacity to dare to believe that my voice as a young person, is powerful. All they had was the naivety of youth, a burning urge to free themselves from the shackles of a system that didn’t recognise their intelligence and humanity, yet they managed to shape history. I’m reminded of this on days when I get overwhelmed with the responsibility on my shoulders to be a force of good in the world. They rebelled against a system that was monolithic and they came out victorious because they believed they had equal if not more power collectively to beat it.
“My generation is obsessed with mapping things out on paper and we forget that real power lies in the connections and appeals we make to like-minded people’s hearts to join movements that are genuine in bringing justice to those who are less privileged than us. We are privileged. I am privileged in that I know the onus to bring justice and to make a difference is on me, like the youth of 1976. True privilege is recognising the power you have and using it to serve humanity. The youth of 1976 demonstrated this with no weapons or arms, only with the knowledge that their determination to stand up for their rights was powerful.”
Namesakes Who Died In Custody
Ntando P Z Mbata who holds a Masters degree in History says she did some serious reflection on the meaning of the Soweto uprisings while visiting a museum in Pretoria one day en route to a meeting with the Minister of Arts and Culture. The problem with the powerful tales of our past is that they are often relegated to spaces far removed from our daily lives.
“I came across names of people who died in police custody. Two names got my attention, that of Dumisani Mbatha (16) who died on 25/09/1976 and Linda Dlodlo who died on 22/09/1982.”
Just names and dates but the story behind the bare official record is profound and sad. We relate to the past if we can find our own connections there.
“My mother’s maiden surname is Dlodlo. The only other Dlodlo in history I know of is Ayanda Dlodlo who left as a young girl and was terribly abused. I learned about Ayanda Dlodlo when I did my Masters Mini-thesis ‘Historical Perspective on Women as victims of human rights violations and the TRC of SA (1996-1998)’. Basically she was 17 years old when she skipped the country to join MK in Angola in 1980. She was one of the few women who came before the TRC to relate how she was abused sexually when she was in exile. She remarked; ‘Some of us were in trenches when we were young; we even lost our virginity there’. During her hearing, she expressed that she was given contraceptives on her arrival in exile and she didn’t ask questions because she thoughts that’s what was expected of everyone.
“Dlodlo is a Nguni surname. Most Dlodlo people are found in Zimbabwe. It is very difficult to trace their origin as little history is documented on this surname. Even when I read more on Zulu literature, I rarely come across it.”
Recording Our History
The scantiness of black history that Ntando P Z Mbata — Heritage Co-ordinator at the Department of Sports, Arts, Culture and Recreation in the Free State – epxeriences is the collective problem we are addressing here.
“I took interest in Dumisani because he is a Mbatha like me. But more than anything, because he died in 1976 and this means he may have been a part of the Soweto uprisings. He was 16 years old and reason for death was that he was sick. Now you should notice a pattern here as most people who died in police custody were said to have either committed suicide or died of odd sicknesses, etc. Police often refused to take responsibility for deaths in custody. His case is one of many.
“There isn’t enough representation of all those who took part on this historic day and those who continued with the fight soon after. Remember the scores of young people who went abroad to either take up arms or study; Castings Ndlovu and the number of students who are not known to history books. We need to look at the fact that resistance against apartheid by the youth didn’t start in 1976. It wasn’t only in Soweto and more importantly we need to acknowledge the number of young people who took part (whether they were killed or still live to tell their story today) and how this bravery went further to change the course of history.”
Mbatha has worked with the NGO IndoniSA as the Free State Champion and has used her expertise as a researcher to present the history of women like Queen Manthatisi. Her current project is documenting the history of Steadville, a township near Emnambithi, through oral history.
Paving the Way
Another member of The Journalist’s Free State Circle, graduate Thapelo Mokoatsi, recently completed his Africa Studies Masters’ research. He says:
“I was born in the late 80s but June 16 1976 became part of my consciousness before I could even understand what it is. They were fighting for the generation that will come after them so that it may take the baton and search for its generational consciousness and pave a way for the next generation to come.
“When I ask why and how it happened, I realise how fortunate I am to live in a country full of young people who loved me and yearned for what is best for me. People take June 16 lightly and resort to having fun. Yes there is nothing wrong with that but what I have picked up especially from my housemates in the student house I am residing in is that this day means nothing. Simply because some of them were born between 92 and 96, they don’t get the gist of it. I may be wrong. It is just an ordinary day. I don’t blame them though.
“So to them, they are only interested in who, what and where of the story (who being Hector Peterson and Soweto being the place where it all happened. Soweto uprising (commemoration) being the holiday they will later enjoy this month. They don’t show an interest in why it happened and how it happened.”
Pushed for what he deemed appropriate activity for June 16th Thapelo responds:
“Normally I would watch TV and listen to the keynote address made by the president (from Mbeki to Zuma). But one special thing happened in June 16th 2013. Me and close varsity pals, including our Linda Fekisi, we met here at UFS (University of the Free State) and laid out a foundation of our NPO (still not yet functional) called Bevoi Social Movement. Its aim is to write the community history of small towns in the Free State, starting with Hoopstad. But I decided to write my PhD on Hoopstad. Bevoi (bev-wa) it stands for Bird’s Eye View (bev) and Organic Intellectuals (oi). That’s how we wanted to look at the self. Our vision is to create organic intellectuals, inspired by Italian Marxist, Antonio Gramsci. The dream is still alive.”
Mokoatsi has done his Masters research on the topic: “Caught Between a Ballot and a Bullet: Case-study of Post-colonial Politics of Guinea and Guinea-Bissau”.
Older People Hush Us
In addition to being a Bevoi Founder, Linda Fekisi is a BA Media Studies and Journalism honours graduate from the UFS and is currently an intern at The Journalist. She says:
“I remember, for the longest time believing that our generation was lost to a common cause. This stemmed from being subjected to the ‘do not question anything and appreciate what you have’ speech that older people tend to hush us with when we ask why things are the way they are.
“Twenty-one years into democracy and nearly four decades since the uprising, I feel like there is hope for our generation. The euphoria of freedom, a rainbow nation and conquering apartheid is moving away from blindly shaping our perceptions of South Africa. We are aware now more than ever that we are not yet uhuru. The enemy of present day June 16th is not white men firing bullets at children in school uniforms. The bullets that our youth is dodging are those of unemployment, poverty increasing poverty, an unbalanced economy as well as the lack of a black voices and transformation in academia.
“To me this day means commemorating the class of ‘76 by being conscious of the baton we hold against colonisation and the constant struggle to find our voice as Africans.”
Rhodes Must Fall Campaign
Anathi Nyadu, a third year journalism student at the UFS who writes for Y-not Culture, Fundza Literacy Trust and various other online platforms, says:
“The generation of ’76 discovered their mission and set out to fulfill it. Of course, there were some who betrayed the mission! What about us, i.e. the present day youth? Have we discovered what our mission in this world is? At first glance, my generation is likely to be dismissed as misguided, unthinking, and, at worst, performers. These are words that were used to describe the Rhodes Must Fall Campaign. I mention the RMF campaign because, I believe, it has all the characteristics of a youth that has finally discovered its mission. No, not a mission to destroy, but a mission that is an attempt at redressing injustices of the past. But, no, that’s not how people choose to see it. Some said there was no need for colonial statues to fall and concocted all sorts of explanations as to why this was so. Some said the youth was hell-bent on destroying instead of building.
“But, there is one thing that particularly stood out for me… The resilience, the braveness and the fact that the RMF campaign never lost focus even amidst the criticism. It simply means one thing; they knew their mission. They knew that if this generation didn’t do anything about it – then they would have betrayed the mission. I think, this was a thought that the ’76 youth had too as they took to the streets to oppose an education system that disadvantaged the black child. The ’76 generation did not betray their mission. However, there’s still a lot of work to be done by our generation. The RMF campaign was just the beginning. More is yet come. The youth of our generation will also be remembered as gallant, brave soldiers who championed the battle against all forms of injustices. Aluta continua!”
There is probably no difference between this generation and the Class of ’76. But one of the things that has changed is the move from merely responding to daily onslaughts on our human rights to the relative luxury of reflection and redressing the deeper ills in society.
Whether you believe in God or not, this is a must-read message!!!
Throughout time, we can see how we have been slowly conditioned to come to this point where we are on the verge of a cashless society. Did you know that the Bible foretold of this event almost 2,000 years ago?
In Revelation 13:16-18, we read,
“He (the false prophet who decieves many by his miracles) causes all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and slave, to receive a mark on their right hand or on their foreheads, and that no one may buy or sell except one who has the mark or the name of the beast, or the number of his name.
Here is wisdom. Let him who has understanding calculate the number of the beast, for it is the number of a man: His number is 666.”
Referring to the last generation, this could only be speaking of a cashless society. Why? Revelation 13:17 tells us that we cannot buy or sell unless we receive the mark of the beast. If physical money was still in use, we could buy or sell with one another without receiving the mark. This would contradict scripture that states we need the mark to buy or sell!
These verses could not be referring to something purely spiritual as scripture references two physical locations (our right hand or forehead) stating the mark will be on one “OR” the other. If this mark was purely spiritual, it would indicate only in one place.
This is where it really starts to come together. It is shocking how accurate the Bible is concerning the implatnable RFID microchip. These are notes from a man named Carl Sanders who worked with a team of engineers to help develop this RFID chip
“Carl Sanders sat in seventeen New World Order meetings with heads-of-state officials such as Henry Kissinger and Bob Gates of the C.I.A. to discuss plans on how to bring about this one-world system. The government commissioned Carl Sanders to design a microchip for identifying and controlling the peoples of the world—a microchip that could be inserted under the skin with a hypodermic needle (a quick, convenient method that would be gradually accepted by society).
Carl Sanders, with a team of engineers behind him, with U.S. grant monies supplied by tax dollars, took on this project and designed a microchip that is powered by a lithium battery, rechargeable through the temperature changes in our skin. Without the knowledge of the Bible (Brother Sanders was not a Christian at the time), these engineers spent one-and-a-half-million dollars doing research on the best and most convenient place to have the microchip inserted.
Guess what? These researchers found that the forehead and the back of the hand (the two places the Bible says the mark will go) are not just the most convenient places, but are also the only viable places for rapid, consistent temperature changes in the skin to recharge the lithium battery. The microchip is approximately seven millimeters in length, .75 millimeters in diameter, about the size of a grain of rice. It is capable of storing pages upon pages of information about you. All your general history, work history, crime record, health history, and financial data can be stored on this chip.
Brother Sanders believes that this microchip, which he regretfully helped design, is the “mark” spoken about in Revelation 13:16–18. The original Greek word for “mark” is “charagma,” which means a “scratch or etching.” It is also interesting to note that the number 666 is actually a word in the original Greek. The word is “chi xi stigma,” with the last part, “stigma,” also meaning “to stick or prick.” Carl believes this is referring to a hypodermic needle when they poke into the skin to inject the microchip.”
Mr. Sanders asked a doctor what would happen if the lithium contained within the RFID microchip leaked into the body. The doctor replied by saying a terrible sore would appear in that location. This is what the book of Revelation says:
“And the first (angel) went, and poured out his vial on the earth; and there fell a noisome and grievous sore on the men which had the mark of the beast, and on them which worshipped his image” (Revelation 16:2).
You can read more about it here–and to also understand the mystery behind the number 666: https://2ruth.org/rfid-mark-of-the-beast-666-revealed/
The third angel’s warning in Revelation 14:9-11 states,
“Then a third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, ‘If anyone worships the beast and his image, and receives his mark on his forehead or on his hand, he himself shall also drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out full strength into the cup of His indignation. He shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels and in the presence of the Lamb. And the smoke of their torment ascends forever and ever; and they have no rest day or night, who worship the beast and his image, and whoever receives the mark of his name.'”
Who is Barack Obama, and why is he still in the public scene?
So what’s in the name? The meaning of someone’s name can say a lot about a person. God throughout history has given names to people that have a specific meaning tied to their lives. How about the name Barack Obama? Let us take a look at what may be hiding beneath the surface.
Jesus says in Luke 10:18, “…I saw Satan fall like lightning from heaven.”
The Hebrew Strongs word (H1299) for “lightning”: “bârâq” (baw-rawk)
In Isaiah chapter 14, verse 14, we read about Lucifer (Satan) saying in his heart:
“I will ascend above the heights of the clouds, I will be like the Most High.”
In the verses in Isaiah that refer directly to Lucifer, several times it mentions him falling from the heights or the heavens. The Hebrew word for the heights or heavens used here is Hebrew Strongs 1116: “bamah”–Pronounced (bam-maw’)
In Hebrew, the letter “Waw” or “Vav” is often transliterated as a “U” or “O,” and it is primarily used as a conjunction to join concepts together. So to join in Hebrew poetry the concept of lightning (Baraq) and a high place like heaven or the heights of heaven (Bam-Maw), the letter “U” or “O” would be used. So, Baraq “O” Bam-Maw or Baraq “U” Bam-Maw in Hebrew poetry similar to the style written in Isaiah, would translate literally to “Lightning from the heights.” The word “Satan” in Hebrew is a direct translation, therefore “Satan.”
So when Jesus told His disciples in Luke 10:18 that He beheld Satan fall like lightning from heaven, if this were to be spoken by a Jewish Rabbi today influenced by the poetry in the book of Isaiah, he would say these words in Hebrew–the words of Jesus in Luke 10:18 as, And I saw Satan as Baraq O Bam-Maw.
The names of both of Obama’s daughters are Malia and Natasha. If we were to write those names backward (the devil does things in reverse) we would get “ailam ahsatan”. Now if we remove the letters that spell “Alah” (Allah being the false god of Islam), we get “I am Satan”. Coincidence? I don’t think so.
Obama’s campaign logo when he ran in 2008 was a sun over the horizon in the west, with the landscape as the flag of the United States. In Islam, they have their own messiah that they are waiting for called the 12th Imam, or the Mahdi (the Antichrist of the Bible), and one prophecy concerning this man’s appearance is the sun rising in the west.
“Then I saw another angel flying in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach to those who dwell on the earth—to every nation, tribe, tongue, and people— saying with a loud voice, ‘Fear God and give glory to Him, for the hour of His judgment has come; and worship Him who made heaven and earth, the sea and springs of water.'” (Revelation 14:6-7)
Why have the word’s of Jesus in His Gospel accounts regarding His death, burial, and resurrection, been translated into over 3,000 languages, and nothing comes close? The same God who formed the heavens and earth that draws all people to Him through His creation, likewise has sent His Word to the ends of the earth so that we may come to personally know Him to be saved in spirit and in truth through His Son Jesus Christ.
Jesus stands alone among the other religions that say to rightly weigh the scales of good and evil and to make sure you have done more good than bad in this life. Is this how we conduct ourselves justly in a court of law? Bearing the image of God, is this how we project this image into reality?
Our good works cannot save us. If we step before a judge, being guilty of a crime, the judge will not judge us by the good that we have done, but rather by the crimes we have committed. If we as fallen humanity, created in God’s image, pose this type of justice, how much more a perfect, righteous, and Holy God?
God has brought down His moral laws through the 10 commandments given to Moses at Mt. Siani. These laws were not given so we may be justified, but rather that we may see the need for a savior. They are the mirror of God’s character of what He has put in each and every one of us, with our conscious bearing witness that we know that it is wrong to steal, lie, dishonor our parents, murder, and so forth.
We can try and follow the moral laws of the 10 commandments, but we will never catch up to them to be justified before a Holy God. That same word of the law given to Moses became flesh about 2,000 years ago in the body of Jesus Christ. He came to be our justification by fulfilling the law, living a sinless perfect life that only God could fulfill.
The gap between us and the law can never be reconciled by our own merit, but the arm of Jesus is stretched out by the grace and mercy of God. And if we are to grab on, through faith in Him, He will pull us up being the one to justify us. As in the court of law, if someone steps in and pays our fine, even though we are guilty, the judge can do what is legal and just and let us go free. That is what Jesus did almost 2,000 years ago on the cross. It was a legal transaction being fulfilled in the spiritual realm by the shedding of His blood.
For God takes no pleasure in the death of the wicked (Ezekiel 18:23). This is why in Isaiah chapter 53, where it speaks of the coming Messiah and His soul being a sacrifice for our sins, why it says it pleased God to crush His only begotten Son.
This is because the wrath that we deserve was justified by being poured out upon His Son. If that wrath was poured out on us, we would all perish to hell forever. God created a way of escape by pouring it out on His Son whose soul could not be left in Hades but was raised and seated at the right hand of God in power.
So now when we put on the Lord Jesus Christ (Romans 13:14), God no longer sees the person who deserves His wrath, but rather the glorious image of His perfect Son dwelling in us, justifying us as if we received the wrath we deserve, making a way of escape from the curse of death–now being conformed into the image of the heavenly man in a new nature, and no longer in the image of the fallen man Adam.
Now what we must do is repent and put our trust and faith in the savior, confessing and forsaking our sins, and to receive His Holy Spirit that we may be born again (for Jesus says we must be born again to enter the Kingdom of God–John chapter 3). This is not just head knowledge of believing in Jesus, but rather receiving His words, taking them to heart, so that we may truly be transformed into the image of God. Where we no longer live to practice sin, but rather turn from our sins and practice righteousness through faith in Him in obedience to His Word by reading the Bible.
Our works cannot save us, but they can condemn us; it is not that we earn our way into everlasting life, but that we obey our Lord Jesus Christ:
“And having been perfected, He became the author of eternal salvation to all who obey Him.” (Hebrews 5:9)
“Now I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away. Also there was no more sea. Then I, John, saw the holy city, New Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband. And I heard a loud voice from heaven saying, ‘Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and He will dwell with them, and they shall be His people. God Himself will be with them and be their God. And God will wipe away every tear from their eyes; there shall be no more death, nor sorrow, nor crying. There shall be no more pain, for the former things have passed away.’
Then He who sat on the throne said, ‘Behold, I make all things new.’ And He said to me, ‘Write, for these words are true and faithful.’
And He said to me, ‘It is done! I am the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the End. I will give of the fountain of the water of life freely to him who thirsts. He who overcomes shall inherit all things, and I will be his God and he shall be My son. But the cowardly, unbelieving, abominable, murderers, sexually immoral, sorcerers, idolaters, and all liars shall have their part in the lake which burns with fire and brimstone, which is the second death.'” (Revelation 21:1-8).
Охранно Защитная Дератизационная Система является надежным и эффективным способом борьбы с грызунами и насекомыми. Она состоит из различных элементов: один из таких элементов – это устройство для притягивания насекомых и грызунов, которое работает на основе специальных приманок. Это устройство позволяет привлечь насекомых и грызунов в ловушку и зафиксировать их. Кроме того, система оснащена системой контроля захода, которая позволяет определить, где произошло проникновение вредителей в помещение.
Выходная мощность: 0,2 Вт
The website’s community forum provides a space for users to share tips, advice, and recommendations.
Статья напомнила мне о том, что я давно не проверял доску объявлений в моем районе. Пора это исправить!
I’ve found the website’s blog to be a valuable resource for tips on buying, selling, and staying safe online.
Характеристики приемника ЛИРА РП-248-1
Очень полезная информация о том, какие категории объявлений наиболее популярны на досках объявлений.
Российская бесплатная доска объявлений. Очень простая. Минимум модерации. Можно ставить ссылки прямо в тексте. разместить объявление бесплатно